There are eight nature reserves in Rhineland-Palatinate altogether. That in the Palatinate Forest was established as early as 1958, making it one of the oldest nature reserves in Germany. Covering an area of about 1,790 square kilometres, the nature reserve is also one of the largest in Germany and was declared the Palatinate Forest Biosphere Reserve in 1992.
This natural environment has formed the German part of the binational Palatinate Forest–North Vosges Biosphere Reserve since 1998 and includes the Palatinate Forest, whose brook valleys and vineyards about the German Wine Route to the east in the region.
In the Palatinate Forest Biosphere Reserve, the extensive sweet chestnut and oak forests at the foot of the mountain ranges, and the pines and other conifers that thrive at higher altitudes are particularly worth protecting. The beautiful red sandstone medieval castles and towers, which can also be climbed, are also definitely worth a visit.
The vineyard terraces, almond trees and chestnut forests along the wine route are extremely popular. People holidaying here are particularly attracted by the rural charms of the numerous wine villages in the region, which has the warmest climate in Germany where even figs, kiwis and lemons ripen.
Take the time to visit the Biosphärenhaus Pfälzerwald/Nordvogesen (biosphere house) too, where you will learn all about nature’s cycles.